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Intraarterial chemotherapy for extremity osteosarcoma and MFH in adults.

The neoadjuvant treatment of osteosarcoma using intravenous agents has resulted in survival rates of 55% to 77% [3, 5, 6, 20, 22, 35]. We designed a neoadjuvant chemotherapy protocol using combined intraarterial and intravenous agents to treat high-grade osteosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma of bone in an attempt to improve survival.

The value of serial arteriography in osteosarcoma: delivery of chemotherapy, determination of therapy duration, and prediction of necrosis.

To investigate the value of serial arteriography to assess tumor response, predict necrosis, and individualize the duration of a combined intravenous (IV) and intraarterial (IA) neoadjuvant chemotherapy protocol in patients with biopsy-proven high-grade osteosarcoma or malignant fibrohistiocytoma of bone.

Treatment of benign bone lesions with an injectable calcium sulfate-based bone graft substitute.

The treatment of benign bone lesions can be challenging due to the limited quantity of autogenous graft available for harvest and grafting of the defect. The use of an injectable calcium bone graft substitute, Minimally-Invasive Injectable Graft (MIIG) (Wright Medical Technology, Inc, Arlington, Tenn), material for treatment of these bone lesions is advantageous. Calcium sulfate has a long-standing history in the treatment of bone voids secondary to trauma, infection, or neoplastic processes.

Osteochondral lesions of the talus treated with fresh talar allografts.

Osteochondral lesions of the talar dome (OLT) can be devastating injuries. Many of these problems occur in younger adult patients and can cause permanent joint pain and stiffness. Several treatment methods have been used to treat the symptomatic lesion, including arthroscopic debridement and microfracture, transfer of autologous osteoarticular tissue from the knee or talus (OATS), autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI), frozen and fresh allograft transplantation.

Frostbite of the feet after cryotherapy: a report of two cases.

The use of cryotherapy for the reduction of postoperative swelling and pain has become commonplace in orthopedic, podiatric, and cosmetic surgery. Prolonged exposure to extreme cold may induce an injury nearly identical to that of frostbite. The authors report on 2 patients who underwent podiatric orthopedic surgery and were exposed to prolonged cold therapy, which resulted in limb-threatening problems.

Bread mold osteomyelitis in the femur.

Rhizopus osteomyelitis is an uncommon and often fatal infection that usually occurs in immunocompromised patients. The infection is commonly referred to as "bread mold." The usual course of treatment is Amphotericin B, debridement, and, if needed, amputation of the affected limb.

PROMIS® scores in operative metastatic bone disease patients: A multicenter, prospective study.

The prevalence of metastatic bone disease (MBD) grows each year as treatments improve. Little has been published about functional and pain outcomes in this group after surgery. Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) can collect information, in just minutes, about patient's physical, mental, and social health. This study evaluated PROMIS® pain and functional scores in surgically treated patients with MBD.

Tumoral TP53 and/or CDKN2A alterations are not reliable prognostic biomarkers in patients with localized Ewing sarcoma: a report from the Children's Oncology Group.

A growing collection of retrospective studies have suggested that TP53 mutations and/or CDKN2A deletions have prognostic significance in Ewing sarcoma. We sought to evaluate these variables in patients with localized disease treated prospectively on a single Children's Oncology Group protocol.

Local control of metastatic sarcoma.

Survival rates for children with metastatic sarcoma have remained dismal despite intensified multiagent chemotherapy protocols. The local treatment of metastatic disease has been promoted as a way to eliminate colonies of genetically unstable, heterogeneous metastatic cells in an attempt to improve survival amongst this most unfortunate patient population.

Limb Salvage Versus Amputation in Conventional Appendicular Osteosarcoma: a Systematic Review.

The overall survivorship in patients with appendicular osteosarcoma has increased in the past few decades. However, controversies and questions about performing an amputation or a limb salvage procedure still remain. Using three peer-reviewed library databases, a systematic review of the literature was performed to evaluate all studies that have evaluated the outcomes of appendicular osteosarcoma, either with limb salvage or amputation.

Has the Level of Evidence of Podium Presentations at the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Annual Meeting Changed Over Time?

Level of evidence (LOE) framework is a tool with which to categorize clinical studies based on their likelihood to be influenced by bias. Improvements in LOE have been demonstrated throughout orthopaedics, prompting our evaluation of orthopaedic oncology research LOE to determine if it has changed in kind.

The Impact of Microenvironment on the Synovial Sarcoma Transcriptome.

Synovial sarcoma (SS) is initiated by a t(X;18) chromosomal translocation and resultant SS18-SSX fusion oncogene. Only a few SS cell lines exist. None has been compared to its source tumor. In order to compare matched tumor and cell line pairs, we performed RNAseq on 3 tumor/cell line pairs from a genetically engineered mouse model of SS, as well as 2 pairs from human SS tumors. Transcriptomes of mouse tumors and derivative cell lines deviated significantly.

Use of Compressive Osseointegration Endoprostheses for Massive Bone Loss From Tumor and Failed Arthroplasty: A Viable Option in the Upper Extremity.

Endoprostheses using principles of compressive osseointegration have shown good survivorship in several studies involving the lower extremity; however, no series to our knowledge have documented the use of this technology in the management of massive bone loss in the upper limb.

Novel applications of osseointegration in orthopedic limb salvage surgery.

Osseointegration is a biologic process vital to modern endoprosthetic fixation in orthopedic surgery. Numerous engineering advancements have improved the utilization of this technology in orthopedics; however, issues such as stress shielding, aseptic loosening, and bone loss remain an ongoing challenge.

Erratum to: Use of Compressive Osseointegration Endoprostheses for Massive Bone Loss From Tumor and Failed Arthroplasty: A Viable Option in the Upper Extremity.

Use of Compressive Osseointegration Endoprostheses for Massive Bone Loss From Tumor and Failed Arthroplasty: A Viable Option in the Upper Extremity.

Erratum to: Is Prophylactic Intervention More Cost-effective Than the Treatment of Pathologic Fractures in Metastatic Bone Disease?

Is Prophylactic Intervention More Cost-effective Than the Treatment of Pathologic Fractures in Metastatic Bone Disease?

Is Prophylactic Intervention More Cost-effective Than the Treatment of Pathologic Fractures in Metastatic Bone Disease?

Metastatic bone disease is a substantial burden to patients and the healthcare system as a whole. Metastatic disease can be painful, is associated with decreased survival, and is emotionally traumatic to patients when they discover their disease has progressed. In the United States, more than 250,000 patients have metastatic bone disease, with an estimated annual cost of USD 12 billion.

Identification of Risk Factors for Acute Surgical Site Infections in Musculoskeletal Tumor Patients Using CDC/NHSN Criteria.

Acute surgical site infections (SSI) are well-recognized postoperative complications, representing a significant source of patient morbidity and cost to the healthcare system. This study is among the first to use standardized criteria for the diagnosis of acute SSI in orthopaedic oncology.

Minimizing Blood Loss in Orthopaedic Surgery The Role of Antifibrinolytics.

Many common orthopaedic procedures are associated with a large volume of blood loss. Antifibrinolytics have a well-elucidated mechanism of action and a long history of clinical use. By inhibiting the enzymatic breakdown of fibrin, there has been a demonstrated ability to decrease total blood loss and reduce postoperative transfusion requirements.

Identification of a novel membrane-associated gene product that suppresses toxicity of a TrfA peptide from plasmid RK2 and its relationship to the DnaA host initiation protein.

The toxicity of a peptide derived from the amino-terminal portion of 33-kDa TrfA, one of the initiation proteins encoded by the broad-host-range plasmid RK2, was suppressed by a host protein related to DnaA, the initiation protein of Escherichia coli. The newly identified 28.4-kDa protein, termed a DnaA paralog (Dp) because it is similar to a region of DnaA but likely has a different function in initiation of plasmid RK2 replication, interacts physically with the 33-kDa TrfA initiation protein, including the initiation-active monomeric form.